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Brief Poetic Forms



Category: Poetic Form (Wikipedia)



Category: Haikai forms (Wikipedia)




            syllable count 5-7-5 = 17 ( in Japanese form)

            three lines

            ‘a moment of insight connected with nature’1

            reference to one of the seasons



    syllable count similar to haiku

    three lines

    subject: human nature, humorous or satirical




    Autobiographical prose narrative

    Containing or concluded with a haiku or haikus


How to Haiku



How to Write a Haiku Poem (with sample poems) – WikiHow



Bruce Ross. 2002. How to Haiku. A Writer’s Guide to Haiku and Related Forms



    Haiku with a drawing which complements or responds to it.


Haiga: Wikipedia



Haiga on line



    a variant haiku created for the English language

    three lines

    there are two types of Lune

  • Robert Kelly lune: 5-3-5 = 13 syllables
  • Jack Collum lune: 3-5-3 = 11 words

    unlike haiku – free of all constraints

    no need for seasons

    may use any other poetic devices


Lune (Poetry):


The Lune: the English Language Haiku – Publishing – Writing (Holly Bliss)



Writing Lune Poetry – Yahoo! Voices



Poetic Form: Lune I (Robert Lee Brewer)






    5 lines

    “Lyric poetry – that is, poetry filled with highly personal and emotional expression” (Bruce Ross, 2002)1

    Syllables 5-7-5-7-7

    Connects thoughts and feelings to nature

    can use metaphor and simile

    modern flexibility of syllable count & subject



Tanka Online



    5-line (quintaine)

    syllable count 1-2-3-4-1 = 11 (cf haiku=17, lune=13)

    may or may not have a title




Lanterne (poem)


Poetry Soup: Lanterne poems and poetry (many examples)


Write an Instant Lantern (shape) Poem



How to write a lantern poem (E. Sorin)




    Invented by Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1914), academic and teacher

    Influenced by Japanese Tanka and Haiku

    Considered one of the first Imagist poets

    Syllable count 2-4-6-8-2

    Originally, made up of iambs

    Modern versions keep to syllable count by less strict on scanning.


    There are however modern variations on Crapsey’s original form….



The Didactic Cinquain


    Used in elementary schools

    Also used by adult poets

    Based on word count: 1-2-3-4-1


  • one-word title – the subject of the poem
  • pair of descriptive adjectives
  • 3 word phrase giving more information (-ing)
  • 4 words describing feelings related to the subject
  • single word reference to the subject



What is a Cinquain poem (Shawn M. Tomlinson)


How to write a Cinquain poem



Amaze: The Cinquain Journal



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