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Brief Poetic Forms

General



 

Category: Poetic Form (Wikipedia)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Poetic_form

 

 

Category: Haikai forms (Wikipedia)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Haikai_forms

 

 

Haiku

            syllable count 5-7-5 = 17 ( in Japanese form)

            three lines

            ‘a moment of insight connected with nature’1

            reference to one of the seasons

 

Senryu

    syllable count similar to haiku

    three lines

    subject: human nature, humorous or satirical

 

Haibun

 

    Autobiographical prose narrative

    Containing or concluded with a haiku or haikus

 

How to Haiku

http://www.ahapoetry.com/haiku.htm

 

 

How to Write a Haiku Poem (with sample poems) – WikiHow

http://www.wikihow.com/Write-a-Haiku-Poem

 

 

Bruce Ross. 2002. How to Haiku. A Writer’s Guide to Haiku and Related Forms

 

Haiga

    Haiku with a drawing which complements or responds to it.

 

Haiga: Wikipedia

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haiga

 

 

Haiga on line

www.haigaonline.com

 

Lune

    a variant haiku created for the English language

    three lines

    there are two types of Lune

  • Robert Kelly lune: 5-3-5 = 13 syllables
  • Jack Collum lune: 3-5-3 = 11 words

    unlike haiku – free of all constraints

    no need for seasons

    may use any other poetic devices

 

Lune (Poetry):

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lune_(poetry)

 

The Lune: the English Language Haiku – Publishing – Writing (Holly Bliss)

http://ezinearticles.com/?The-Lune:-The-English-Language-Haiku&id=645398

 

 

Writing Lune Poetry – Yahoo! Voices

http://voices.yahoo.com/writing-lune-poetry-2867427.html?cat=38

 

 

Poetic Form: Lune I WritersDigest.com (Robert Lee Brewer)

http://www.writersdigest.com/editor-blogs/poetic-asides/poets/poetic-form-lune

 

 

 

Tanka

 

    5 lines

    “Lyric poetry – that is, poetry filled with highly personal and emotional expression” (Bruce Ross, 2002)1

    Syllables 5-7-5-7-7

    Connects thoughts and feelings to nature

    can use metaphor and simile

    modern flexibility of syllable count & subject

 

 

Tanka Online

http://www.tankaonline.com/

 

Lanterne

    5-line (quintaine)

    syllable count 1-2-3-4-1 = 11 (cf haiku=17, lune=13)

    may or may not have a title

 

Lanternes

http://quintain.blogspot.co.uk/

 

Lanterne (poem)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lanterne_(poem)

 

Poetry Soup: Lanterne poems and poetry (many examples)

http://www.poetrysoup.com/poems/Lanterne

 

Write an Instant Lantern (shape) Poem

http://ettcweb.lr.k12.nj.us/forms/lantern.htm

 

 

How to write a lantern poem (E. Sorin)

http://www.ehow.com/how_4928414_write-lantern-poem.html

 



Cinquain

 

    Invented by Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1914), academic and teacher

    Influenced by Japanese Tanka and Haiku

    Considered one of the first Imagist poets

    Syllable count 2-4-6-8-2

    Originally, made up of iambs

    Modern versions keep to syllable count by less strict on scanning.

 

    There are however modern variations on Crapsey’s original form….

 

 

The Didactic Cinquain

 

    Used in elementary schools

    Also used by adult poets

    Based on word count: 1-2-3-4-1

 



  • one-word title – the subject of the poem
  • pair of descriptive adjectives
  • 3 word phrase giving more information (-ing)
  • 4 words describing feelings related to the subject
  • single word reference to the subject

 

 

What is a Cinquain poem (Shawn M. Tomlinson)

http://www.ehow.com/about_4571565_what-cinquain-poem.html

 

How to write a Cinquain poem

http://www.ehow.com/how_4514701_write-cinquain-poem.html

 

 

Amaze: The Cinquain Journal

http://www.amaze-cinquain.com/

 

 

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